Common names: Bristly Ox-Tongue
Description: Bristly annual or biennial herb growing up to 32 inches tall with stout, erect stems.
Flowers: Bright yellow flowers are terminal on the ends of branches. Flowers are encased by 2 sets of leaf like phyllaries. Has a fruit that is wrinkly, one-seeded and has a pappus of white plumose bristles.
Leaves: Alternate and course toothed/shallow-lobed and have bristly spines all over the upper surface. 2 to 8 inches long, lanceolate to oval shaped.
Reproduction: By seed. Generally disperse by soil movement, some by wind or water.
Flowering: May to September or October.
Habitat and Ecology: Native to the Mediterranean.